24h País Vasco.

24h País Vasco.

El Lehendakari insta a la UE a apoyar a las naciones sin estado y abrir vías de diálogo y solución

El Lehendakari insta a la UE a apoyar a las naciones sin estado y abrir vías de diálogo y solución

Iñigo Urkullu, Lehendakari of the Basque Country, has urged the EU not to turn its back on nations without a state, stating that it is a matter for each member state, and to definitively establish channels of dialogue and solution to materialize their legitimate aspirations. "The European Union must be proactive, not reactive," he said.

Urkullu has reiterated his demand to incorporate a "Directive of Clarity" into EU legislation for carrying out consultations with citizens "legally, through agreements, and with guarantees". He has also proposed that "national realities" be recognized with a "unique and singular status" that guarantees their full participation in the design of European policies and decision-making.

The Lehendakari made these remarks during his speech at the "Caucus for Self-Determination" event held at the European Parliament, which was also attended by the President of Catalonia, Pere Aragonès, and the President of Corsica, Gilles Someoni.

In his speech, Urkullu highlighted three factors that need to be addressed within the EU. One of them is for the Union to "affirm its political and institutional leadership", both internally by reversing the trend towards recentralization and incorporating the diversity of territorial realities, and externally by taking a proactive role in the face of the global increase in active armed conflicts since World War II.

Another factor is for the EU to accommodate and give prominence to the plurality of national realities within its framework. Urkullu emphasized this from the perspective of the Basque Country, a nation without a state that has been actively involved in the European integration process since its inception.

He proposes deepening "an Europe of shared competences and sovereignties" and calls for the strengthening of democratic values in European integration and the establishment of legal mechanisms that enable political communities to consult their citizens on structural issues that affect them, with all the necessary guarantees.

Urkullu recalled his proposal in 2018 to incorporate the "Directive of Clarity" into EU legislation, which would provide guidance on the process for political communities to consult their citizens on their political status, sovereignty, co-sovereignty, or interdependence with the corresponding state in a legal, agreed-upon, and guaranteed manner.

He also explained that in 2022, as part of the Conference on the Future of Europe, he emphasized the need to establish mechanisms to respect agreements reached between the parliaments of Member States and their political communities regarding their decision-making power or membership in the European Union, in case a Member State decided to leave.

Regarding the current proposal of a Regulation promoted by the "Caucus for Self-Determination", Urkullu considers ita positive and concrete contribution, a good starting point for a calm debate. He emphasized the EU's commitment to freedom, democracy, and diversity, urging its adherence to these principles with regard to its members and their political communities.

Urkullu believes that the EU must definitively establish channels of dialogue and solution, rejecting the notion that it is solely a matter for each Member State. He emphasizes that "doing nothing is not an option" and advocates for joint work in finding political solutions to political problems. He states that this is the demand shared by the states without a nation within Europe, the national communities.

In addition, Urkullu expressed concern about the rise of populism and the far-right, the proliferation of fake news and disinformation, and the detachment of society from politics within the EU. He considers the upcoming electoral cycles in some Member States and the European Parliament elections in June as opportunities to gauge the real attachment of citizens to the European project.

However, he believes that it is not necessary or convenient to wait until June to address some of the issues affecting the EU and reinforce positive dynamics. He invites ongoing efforts to strengthen its credibility, reconnect with citizens, and give new impetus to the process of further integration, while reclaiming the EU's foundational values and mobilizing all capacities towards a shared project.

Urkullu also advocates for the EU to deepen its focus on improving the well-being and quality of life of its citizens. He believes that people should be at the center of the European project and that initiatives related to the green, digital, and social transitions should be accompanied by the implementation of the pillar of social rights and attention to the most vulnerable. He states that Europe should deepen the model of "Sustainable Human Development" and advance in competitiveness for the benefit of social welfare while respecting the environment.